Welcome to SA-CDI
Transforming our knowledge of language and communication development in children in the multilingual South African context
A collaborative development of Communicative Development Inventories for all South African languages
The SA Communicative Development Inventories (SA-CDIs) are a set of questionnaires for each official South African language that parents complete to tell us about their child’s language and communication.
The SA-CDI project will establish:
- the first comprehensive overview of South African children’s first stages in language development
- the first word-learning norms for children aged 8 to 30 months across the whole of South Africa
- a free-to-use, anonymised online child language base, in collaboration with SADiLaR
- a quick, easy and inexpensive checklist that can be used by professionals to assess children’s language
This project is collaborative research between the Universities of Cape Town, the Free State, and KwaZulu-Natal, and North-West University, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, and Stellenbosch University, as well as ECD NGOs. We are funded from a range of sources, including the South African Centre for Digital Language Resources (SADiLaR) supported by the Department of Science and Innovation, the National Research Foundation (NRF), the Newton Fund, and Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research and Higher Education (STINT).
Why is the SA-CDI project important?
There is a lack of valid and reliable tools to measure typical development and diagnose language delays in African languages. These cannot be developed without establishing the stages of language acquisition. Creating a locally relevant set of tools requires more than just translation of existing English tools.
It is essential that we establish norms for language development in early childhood. CDIs are parent report instruments that ask parents/caregivers to report on a child’s use of gestures, words and sentences. CDIs can measure language development from 8 months to 30 months. They are reliable and valid overall indicators of communicative development.
There are CDIs for over 100 languages worldwide. These are used to identify stages in language development and establish national norms. Data from the CDI have formed the basis for developing linguistic and cognitive assessment and diagnostic tools in many countries.
Tools such as CDIs are suitable for contexts in which children are not used to clinical testing. Data are elicited in a culturally appropriate manner using information from parents/caregivers.
Collecting information about children involves going out to different communities and working with local ECD practitioners and their children’s caregivers to gather information on language development.